DRAINAGE PATTERN OF INDIA -PART 2

INDIA RIVERS AND THEIR TRIBUTARIES

 

  • These rivers have small catchment basins and small areas .
  • these have less erosional activity because of less graded valley
  • receives water from monsoon rainfall and they flow in rainy seasons .they are seasonal rivers
  • they flow through oldest plateaus of world having hard rock surface of non-alluvial character forcing them to flow in straight course . so they attained maturity fast.
  • Narmada and Tapti rivers make estuaries whereas Godavari and Cauvery big rivers form delta.

classification of Peninsular Rivers

they are classified into three drainage systems:

1.towards the ganga

  • these rivers rise in the VINDHYA RANGE  and join the YAMUNA or GANGA

Examples are : Chambal ,Betwa , Sind ,Son ,Ken.

2.towards the Arabian Sea

  •   flowing westwards between Vindhya and the Satpura range and flow into Arabian Sea examples are: Narmada and Tapti .they make estuaries

3.towards the bay of bengal

  •      rise in Western ghats and flow into bay of bengal .
  • examples are :Mahanadi ,Godavari , Krishna and Kaveri.

NAME , SOURCE AND TRIBUATARIES OF INDIAN RIVERS [HIMALAYAN AMD PENINSULAR}

 

RIVERS        SOURCES         TRIBUTARIES

HIMALAYAN RIVER SYSTEM

INDUS AND ITS TRIBUATARIES
  1. INDUS,

 

2 .JHELUM ,
3 .CHENAB ,
4 .RAVI

 

5 BEAS
6 SUTLEJ
from Tibet near Mansarovar Lake.

from mountain Spur at Verinage

at lahul  [4900 metr]

Kullu hills of Himachal Pradesh

KULU hills near rohtang pass

near dharma pass

  • KURRAM
  • SWAT
  • ZASKAR
  • ASTAR
  • DRAS
  • SHYALOK
  • GILGIT
  • KABUL
  • JHELUM
  • CHENAM
  • RAVI
  • BEAS
GANGA AND ITS TRIBUTARIES
1 GANGA
Alaknanda at an elevation of 7800 mt. Yamuna ,Ram Ganga , Gandak ,  Kosi ,Ghaghara , Burhihead ,Gandak , Gomti ,Son Mahanada, Kamla, Damodar ,Jalangi,Bharaib confluence of YAMUNA at ALLAHABAD.
2 YAMUNA
FRORM HOT SPRINGS AT YAMUNOTRI Chambal ,Betwa ,Ken , sarda
3 RAM
GANGA
from NAINITAL Khos ,Gangan ,Anil kosi
4.GHAGHARA GANDAK
near Mansarovar lake in the central himalaa {Tibet]
  • iN nepal it is called NARAYANI
  • join ganga near patna
5 BURHI GANDAK
somesar hill {nepal or tibet] join ganga at MONGHYR
6.KOSI
FROM TIBET or NEPAL Kosi

Arun

Tamur

7.DAMODAR
CHOTANAGPUR PLATEAU ,near tori Gartus , Konar , Jomunia , Barakar .
8.GOMTI
near east of Piliphit Town Sai , Barma , Saryu , Chuha

Brahmaputra and its tributaries
Brahamaputra
CHEMAYUNGDUNG glacier,near mansrovar lake tista , torsa , rajo-tsngpo , kyi -chu.

peninsular rivers

west flowing peninsular rivers

1.NARMADA
from a tank in amarkantak Plateau burhner , baiyer , hiran , kolar etc.
2.TAPI
near MULTAI in Betul district puma  , Betul , Darthranj , Bori , Harki , Gomti , Valer etc
3.LUNI
from Anasagar in Ajmer
4.SABARMATI
IN aravali hill wakal , jawai , sei , hamov , watrak, meshwo

east flowing peninsular rivers

1.MAHANANDI
RAIPUR DISTRICT Sheonath , Harde , Mand , Ib , Uny Tel.
2.BRAHMANI
RANCHI Kuru , Sonhked , Tikra
3.BAITARNI
BIHAR
4.SUBARANREKKA
JHARKHAND Komchi , Karffari
5.GODAVARI
NASIK From Trambak Pravara , Mula , Manjra,sabri , puma.
6.INDRAVATI
in KALAHANDI district Narangi , BOARDIG , kotri , bandia.
7.SABARI
in SULKARAM hill Silaru
8.KRISHNA
MAHABALESHWAR village Konya,yerla , muneru , varma , panchgango,bhima, tunghadra, musi
9.BHIMA
BHIMESHWAR village Ghad , nira, kagna , sina
10.TUNGBHADRA
gomantak peak Runga , bhadra , hagari
11.CAUVERY
BRAHAM GIRI hills Hemavati , harangi , shimas , arkvati.

OTHER EAST FLOWING PENINSULAR RIVERS :

MANJRA,PENGNGA , WARDHA, WAINGANGA

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